Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is the most widespread, persistent and devastating human rights violations. Due to the impunity, shame from the surroundings, silence and stigma, these violations has remains unreported from the world today. These violations manifest itself in physical, sexual and psychological form, such as sexual violence and harassment, human trafficking, intimate partner violence and child marriage. Violence towards women is one of the problems to achieving equality, development, peace as well as to the fulfillment of women and girls’ human rights.
In 1993, the UN General Assembly has clarified the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women which define as “ any act gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occuring in public or in private life. Also, gender-based violence can happen to anyone and anywhere.
In 1979, United Nation’s General Assembly has adopted the Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discriminations against Women (CEDAW). The convention does not run smoothly as planned and remains as a problem worldwide. Therefore, the United Nation’s General Assembly issued a resolution which lead towards a world gender-based violence. By 2008, another initiative was launched called UNiTE to End Violence against Women. The aim of this project is to raise the public awareness and to end the violence towards girls worldwide. European Union and United Nation has launched the Spotlight Initiative in 2017 to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls.